Movie Cameras
Camera Museum - Movie Cameras
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Argus/Cosina

[Argus Cosina 735]
Argus Cosina 735 (1973-1974) (Large, With Handle) Compact, Super 8 cartridge, silent movie camera. Argus was an American camera manufacturer that started in 1936 as a subsidiary of International Radio Corporation. It made several decent cameras, including the Argus C3, one of the best selling cameras of all time with a production run of nearly 30 years. Argus cameras were made in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Argus was acquired in 1959 by Sylvania and sold off in 1969 by which time it no longer produced cameras. (Wikipedia - Argus Camera Company. Some cameras, made by other manufacturers, continued to be sold under the Argus name, however. This camera is an example. It was made in Japan by Cosina. Cosina is a Japanese company that started in 1959 making lenses and later cameras. It started under the name Nikoh and then in 1973 changed its name to Cosina. Cosina has made some cameras under its own name. It is well known, however, for selling its cameras under other brand names. For example, in the 1970s it made several Vivitar single lens reflex cameras such as the Vivitar XC-3. It also has made some camera models for well known companies like Canon, Nikon, Yashica, Olympus, and Konica. (Wikipedia - Cosina.) According to the Super 8 Database this camera was made in 1973-1974 just when the Cosina name was beginning to be used. Schneider, "Pocket Super-8s: Pocket Movie Cameras You Won't Leave At Home," Popular Electronics, pages 130-133 (December 1973) discusses the Argus Cosina 735 and several other "pocket" sized movie cameras. The price is listed as $239.95. Pretty reasonable, until you consider that $239.95 in 1973 has the same buying power as $1,169.11 in 2009. The Argus Cosina 735 with an Argus DualMaster projector were part of a "Price is Right" game aired on November 21, 1972 with a total price of $409.60 according to The Price Is Right, Episode 0122D. By the way, a Chevy Vega car on the same episode was $2,438. Pretty amazing the trivia you can find on the Internet, isn't it? The Argus Cosina 735 is quite compact with dimensions of 2" x 3-3/4" x 5" 1/4 and a weight of 2 lbs 2 oz according to the Super 8 Database. It has a non-interchangeable f8-40mm, f1.8 lens. It has single lens reflex viewing and focusing. Focusing is manual. You can zoom manually or electronically. It has speeds of 18 fps (normal), 32 fps (slow motion) and single frame. Exposure metering is through the lens and is automatic or manual. It takes four 1.5 volt AA batteries. Mine appears to be in excellent cosmetic and working condition. I purchased it for about $5 at a garage/estate sale in Spring Valley, CA (near Casa de Oro) on December 26, 2009.
Argus | Auricon | Bauer | Bell & Howell | Bolex | Canon | Cinemaster | DeJur | Elmo | GAF | Keystone | Kodak | Minolta | Polaroid | Revere | Sankyo | Sears

Auricon

[Auricon]
Auricon Model CM-72A (Circa 1949) Auricon Cine-Voice 16mm Sound-On-Film Camera, Serial No. E6-83,444, 15 Watts, 100 feet film capacity, made in USA by Bach Auricon, Inc., Hollywood 38, California. Auricon made early 16mm sound movie cameras that were used frequently in documentaries and in early television. Auricon is described at the foreign language site cinepresa da collezione (Rough Translation from Yahoo). Date is from the above site and CINEMATOGRAPHICA. A photo is at the following Asian language site, cine vis 8-16. The October 2003 Popular Photography online magazine has a great advertisement for the Model CM-72A. It lists the price in 1953 as $695 with a single lens mount, lens and portable power pack not included. Adjusted for inflation this equals over $5,000 in today's dollars! It's big weighing in at over 10 pounds and about 10" high, 5.5" wide, and 9" deep, without any lens. My Auricon was purchased at a La Mesa, CA garage sale for about $13 on 8-5-06. It looks to be in good condition but is untested. It did not come with a lens. Images: Large, Interior, Label.
[Auricon]
Large Image
Auricon Model CM-72A (Circa 1954) Seeing my entry above, the owner of this camera and equipment generously donated it to me in November 2011. The 1954 date is from an included manual giving a publication date of October 1954. The camera serial number is D6-31641. The outfit includes the camera, a "Som Berthiot Paris Pan Cinor" - 20-60mm f2.8 zoom lens, an Auricon Sound-on-Film Recording Amplifier, a microphone, various other pieces of equipment and a nice case to fit it all in. I have not tried to use it although it looks to be in good condition. The lens is free of scratches but may have some internal haze on the edges. There is a photo of what looks to be the same lens model at owyheesound.com/auricon.html. The camera does not have reflex viewing. There is a viewfinder attached to the lens. The frame of this viewfinder adjusts as you zoom in or out. It looks like it also has some sort of focusing scale. I don't know if this actually indicates the focus, however. Apparently at the time the distance to the subject was often actually measured with a measuring tape. The lens focusing ring was then turned to that distance. The camera has a turret for three lenses although it would be difficult to add other lenses with this large zoom lens. The zoom lens also tends to negate the need for multiple lenses on the turret.
[Auricon Film-on-Sound Amplifier]
Large Image
Auricon cameras were important industrial and news gathering cameras from the 1950s into the 1970s. The Early Days of News Gathering and Reporting describes news gathering and the use of Auricon cameras in the 1950s and 1960s. Sound-on-film news gathering cameras were eventually taken over by professional video cameras. The Auricon cameras were prized because they were relatively portable and recorded sound directly on the film. As designed the Auricon CM-72A could only take 100 feet of film. As indicated in an ad at www.city-net.com that only provided 2 minutes and 45 seconds of filming. The base price is listed as $795 or over $6,800 in 2012 dollars. The next model up, the Auricon Pro-600, was over twice as much with a base price of $1,871. Many Auricon CM-72A cameras were modified to accept larger film magazines. For example, the Wikipedia article on Auricon shows a modified Auricon CM-72A with a 400 foot capacity Mitchell magazine. That camera also has a zoom lens. The camera is connected to the Auricon Sound-on-Film Recording Amplifier. Some Auricon cameras were also used to photograph television monitors since that was the only way to record a live television program until videotape was invented in 1956. The process was called Kinescope. (Wikipedia - Kinescope.) Bach Auricon would replace the shutters in these cameras to synchronize with the scanning rate of the television.
[Auricon]
Large Image
Included with my camera outfit is a very helpful pamphlet How to Use Your "Cine-Voice" 16mm Sound-on-Film Recording Camera by the Auricon Division of Brendt-Bach, Incorporated and dated Oct. 1954. The camera is powered by a battery portable power supply or an AC outlet. The camera is hooked up to the output jack of the amplifier. The microphone goes into an input jack in the amplifier. You can also put a dual phono-turntable into the other input jack of the amplifier. The sound pictures are made on regular 16mm film except the film has spockets only on one side. The sound track is recorded on the non-perforated edge of this single-perforated film. The shutter is 1/50 second. Changing exposure therefore depended entirely on the aperture. The camera speed is 24 frames per second, standard for 16mm sound-on-film. "The sound is put on the film by a hair-line of light, which comes from the Galvanometer (Modulator Unit) and is focused on the film as it passes around the sprockets." (Page 6) "The sound currents from the Amplifier cause the hair-line of light to increase and decrease in length. As the film moves past the line of light, a track is recorded on the film which varies in width (or area) and is known as a Variable-Area-Sound-Track." (Page 6.) Therefore, essentially the sound is being translated into a light signal that is recorded on the photographic film. I assume the sound projector changes this light signal back into sound. The equipment was not very portable in today's terms. The camera is not designed to be shoulder mounted. You really need it on a tripod. Further, the camera needs to be hooked up to the amplifier and battery pack. YouTube has an interesting video of Walter Bach of Berndt-Bach, Inc., the makers of Auricon, giving a demonstration of the larger model Auricon Pro 1200. The Auricon Cinevoice also has excellent information.
[Auricon]
Large Image
My equipment had been used in the owner's family's business, the National Brush Company, in Aurora, Illinois. Included with the camera are two short (100 feet) black and white (Kodak Plus-X Reversal film) films. One is for the Packing Department, the other for the "Filling" (?) Department. Both are dated 1-10-73. I have not put the rolls through a projector although the first part of "filling" department film may be a woman putting something in a box. The first part of the Packing Department film appears to be a woman doing something with an industrial piece of equipment. There are also two unprocessed Kodak Plus-X Reversal film rolls. One looks like it has not been used. The other might have been exposed but not processed. The ASA (ISO) rating for both is just 50 for daylight and 40 for tungsten. Curiously, all of these films have sprocket holes on both sides. Perhaps these particular films are silent. I have a 1950s Bell & Howell sound projector. I may try the films out on that projector. The films likely are industrial films for the business perhaps demonstrating particular processes for employees.
Argus | Auricon | Bauer | Bell & Howell | Bolex | Canon | Cinemaster | DeJur | Elmo | GAF | Keystone | Kodak | Minolta | Polaroid | Revere | Sankyo | Sears

Bauer

[Bauer C2A Super]
Bauer C2-A Super, (Large Image) Super 8 purchased around March 2007 for about $1 at a Fletcher Hills (El Cajon, CA) garage sale. In good operating and cosmetic condition. I don't know how to check the meter. The cross-hairs in the viewfinder are not straight. Battery compartment door tends to fall out. Motor runs. Takes 4AA batteries. 8X power zoom, 7.5 to 60mm, f1.8 lens. Made in Germany. Similar Bauer C-2 with 8-40mm Schneider Variogon zoom lens was $259.95 in 1967 Leedar Photographic Catalog. That equals about $1,580 adjusted for inflation to 2007! One sold on eBay on 4-8-07, the day I am writing this, for $26 with $10 shipping. It came with a case and looked to be in somewhat better condition.
Argus | Auricon | Bauer | Bell & Howell | Bolex | Canon | Cinemaster | DeJur | Elmo | GAF | Keystone | Kodak | Minolta | Polaroid | Revere | Sankyo | Sears

Bell & Howell

[Bell & Howell 8mm Magazine Camera 172]
Bell & Howell 8mm Magazine Camera 172, (circa 1947) (Large Image) 8mm magazine silent movie camera. Has two lens turret. You lift up the post between the two lenses and rotate it to change lenses. There are two viewing lenses which also rotate and match their respective taking lenses. There is a tripod socket in the bottom. The strap screws into this. Speeds of 16, 24, 32, 48 and 64. Lenses are removable from their screw mounts. The two lenses on the camera as pictured are a Bell & Howell Super Comet .5 inch f1.9 and an Elgeet 38mm f3.3 Cine Tel with a dent on the rim. It also came with an Elgeet 6.5mm f2.5 wide angle lens. That lens appears to be a fixed focus. Mechanical wind. Several filters and holders are included along with a nice Perrin (California) leather case and a very well made Norwood Director Selenium incident meter that seems to work. Everything is made in the USA. The camera winds and runs wells. The lenses are clear. The cosmetic condition of everything is good except for the rim dent on the one lens and a dent in the semi-sphere of meter. Purchased at a La Jolla garage sale on 3-15-08 for $20. A discussion at historiccamera.com indicates the Model 172 was made in about 1947 and is fairly common with a value of $10 or less. It is also described at http://www.movie-camera.it/belle.html with the same 1947 date. There is an ad on eBay for the successor Model 172A dated 1954. The Model 172-A with one lens in the turret cost $199.95 in the 1956 Sears Camera Catalog, equal to an astonishing $1,556 in 2008 dollars!
[Bell & Howell Sportster Double Run 8 Movie Camera]
Bell & Howell Sportster, (circa 1947-1950) (Other Side) 8mm Double Run. Made in England. Lens: Mytal Ansstigmat, 0.5 inch focal length, f2.5 to f16, made by Taylor, Taylor & Hobson Ltd. England, Patents Brittan 422248, 438149, U.S. 2017823. Lens is removed by pressing together the two knobs to the left of the lens. The shutter release button is just below these knobs. The viewfinder in front has two little frames which can be placed in front of the viewfinder to frame the scene for more telephoto lenses. Speeds of 16, 32, 48, and 64. Spring loaded motor. On the right side (while holding it to photograph a scene) of the camera are the winding knob, film speed setting and feet of film used. On the left side is the button to open the film compartment and a dial to set the exposure with the "Weston Film Speed", the frames per second, and apertures based how sunny or cloudy it is, and the amount of shading. Has a removable strap, not shown, which screws into the tripod socket. With strap removed there is a base so that the camera can sit on a flat surface. The camera is relatively small with dimensions of only about 5" high, 2" wide and 3" deep without lens. The lens adds about .875" more. The camera is quite hefty for its size with solid metal construction. The best date seems to be about 1947 to 1950 based on ads from the time. A charming blog entitled One Foot in Front of the Other describes the author's father purchasing a Sportster in 1947 to take pictures of a new baby. The camera was used up until about 1964 when the author, apparently the last of four children, was two years old. My guess is the majority of movie cameras and video cameras were purchased for the same reason - to take moving pictures of kids growing up. That's why I got my first video camera and why my dad got the Kodak Cine Zoom camera below. The price in a 1950 magazine ad shown at AdClassix was $99.75. Sounds like a pretty good price until you adjust it for inflation - that's about $870 in 2007 dollars. While mine looks similar to those in the 1947 and 1950 ads, the Sportster name appears to have been used from the 1930s to 1950s. Also, the ads refer to the Filmo Sportster. Mine does not refer to Filmo. A Bell & Howell "Filmo" Sportster on eBay similar to mine was made in the United States. The "Filmo" cameras may therefore be limited to those made in the United States. If you have any additional information, please e-mail me. Mine is serial no. 17921. Mine was a 2007 Christmas present from my sister who acquired it an estate/garage sale in the Bay Park area of San Diego. It is in very good cosmetic and working condition. It winds and runs well.
[Bell & Howell Filmo Picture Master Design 151 Model A]
(Large Image)
Bell & Howell Filmo 8mm "Picture Master," Design 151, Model A, Projector (circa 1943) (also known as Bell & Howell 151A projector) 8mm film projector. Date from List of Vintage Movie Cameras, Projectors, etc. (under Bell & Howell cameras (not projectors) - Model 151A 1943 8mm, about half way down page). (Photo from List of Vintage Movie Cameras, etc..) Paul's 16mm Collecting Pages has a list of 16mm Bell & Howell projectors. The design or model numbers appear to be in chronological order. If that holds true for the 8mm projectors also, 151 would fall between the 16mm model 142 produced from 1939 to 1941 and the 16mm model 156 produced from 1942 to 1945. This supports the 1943 date. Takes a DES/120V/750W ANSI bulb available from donsbulbs.com. Controls include projector on-off, lamp on-off, pilot on-off, speed slow-fast. 115 volts, 8 amps, either AC or DC. There is an AC-DC switch on the bottom. Made in U.S.A. by Bell & Howell Company Chicago with additional locations listed as Hollywood, New York, Washington D.C. and London. Lens: focal length 1 inch, f 1.6, "ELC," Made in U.S.A. Lens is clear with no scratches or mold. (Detail of lens and threading area.) Purchased at a garage sale in the Rolando area (south of University) of San Diego on 8-4-07 during the annual neighborhood garage sales for about $12.50 (purchased with some other items). In good cosmetic condition and working condition to the extent light comes on and motor runs. I have not tried it with film. Comes with wooden case with leather like covering. Includes oil bottle and oil can.
[Bell & Howell Filmosound 185]
(Large Image)
Bell & Howell Filmosound 185 Projector produced 1949 to 1951 according to Paul's 16mm Film Collecting Pages. It is priced at $449 in the 1949 Montgomery Ward Photographic Catalog, or $4,128 in 2008 dollars. The similar later model 202C cost $699 in the 1953 Sears Camera Catalog, about $5,300 adjusted for inflation! A photo from that site shows a large separate speaker. I only have a smaller speaker that fits into the case. Film-Tech has a Bell & Howell repair manual for Filmosound amplifiers, including the 185 (under 16mm Projectors, B&H Amplifiers models 120, etc.). It refers to a monitor speaker and a stage speaker. I must have the monitor speaker but not the stage speaker. Purchased at a garage sale on 2-3-07 for $2.50. It is in good cosmetic condition and seems to work in that the bulb lights and a lot of things run! I have just tried it for a few seconds. It even comes with its own little oil can. Paul's 16mm Film Collecting Pages indicates that 16mm film was introduced in 1923 for amateurs and was used mainly for educational, training and industrial films, and in television for distributing programs for broadcast. The advent of video tape put an end to most of these uses. Motion picture films in theaters are generally 35mm films while most amateurs by the 1950s used 8mm film. I remember fondly watching excellent 16mm films in science and social studies in school in the 1960s and 1970s. 16mm film provided good resolution projected onto a screen. Indeed, until the recent advent of video projectors, students in the 1980s and 1990s had to watch movies on small television screens instead of movie screens. My only recollection of television in school was watching either the lift off or return of a Gemini rocket in the 1960s. VCRs were yet to arrive.
[Bell & Howell 8mm 134 TA Camera]
(Large Image, Other Side, Profile with Exposure Guide)
Bell & Howell 8mm 134 TA Camera (circa 1956) Date is from The 1956 Montgomery Ward Photographic Book. It dates back further, however. Www.movie-camera.it has a similar 1939 camera and List of 3500 Vintage Cameras lists the Filmo 134 TA as being from 1951. (Mine does not use the Filmo name.) The two light meter manuals which came with my camera have date codes of 1950 and 1951. There were several 134 camera models depending on whether they came with one or multiple lenses. The manual refers to a 134-W and and a 134-V. The Bell & Howell 134-TA comes with a three-lens turret. The lenses on mine are a Wollensak 6.5mm f1.9 Wide Angle Cine Raptar, a Bell & Howell Co. Super Comat .5 inch f1.9, and a Wollensak Raptar 1.5 inch Cine Telephoto. All of them have UV filters and caps. Viewing with the 134-TA is through a non-reflex viewfinder. It is correct for all three lenses. As you rotate the turret to the lens you are using, the correct objective for the viewfinder also goes into position. In addition, the 134-TA has a reflex through the lens viewer for critical focusing. This "critical focuser" gives a magnified, upside down image. The view through mine, even after cleaning, is quite dim. The Bell & Howell 8mm 134TA was the most expensive 8mm movie camera among 22 movie cameras offered in The 1956 Montgomery Ward Photographic Book with a price tag of $309.75 with the three lenses. That equals $2,456.28 in 2009 dollars. Mine comes with the leather "Combination Case," General Electric DW-68 light meter, manuals, and assorted filters and caps. All items appear to be in good cosmetic and working condition. I purchased it for $25 on August 10, 2009 in Carlsbad, CA from an ad on Craigslist. Two days earlier I had purchased a Ciroflex twin lens reflex camera for $20 from the seller. He was selling the movie camera and a projector together for $100. I told the seller I would take the movie camera for $25 if someone just wanted the projector. The projector sold, so I got the movie camera. $25 is generally expensive for 1950s 8mm movie cameras, but this one was in good shape, came with numerous accessories, and was a higher end model, making it an excellent addition to the Movie Camera Museum.
[Bell & Howell Model 414 Director Series]
Bell & Howell Model 414 Director Series,
(Large Image)
[Bell & Howell Model 414P Director Series]
Bell & Howell Model 414PD Director Series,
(Large Image)
[Bell & Howell Model 414P Director Series]
Bell & Howell Model 414P Director Series
(Large Image)
Bell & Howell Model 414 Director Series Zoomatic Movie Cameras (early 1960s) (Other Images: Case, 414 Open) There were similar models with subtle differences. The model 414 did not have power zoom or a dual electric eye. The model 414P had power as well as manual zoom. The model 414PD had both the power zoom and the dual electric eye. They also came in either roll film models or magazine load models. They do not have the model numbers on the camera. My serial numbers: Model 414- AF2131, Model 414P- AP15678, Model 414PD- AS22773. The Models 414P and 414PD look identical except he 414PD says near the viewfinder "Dual Electric Eye" and has an additional small meter sensor at the bottom - center of the large meter. The power zoom controls on the 414P and 414PD are the two buttons on the top. The single electric eye model had one Selenium cell which measured overall scene illumination. The dual electric eye model had an additional selenium cell which sensed "paraxial luminance for backlight compensation." Roland J. Zavada, Dissecting the Zapruder Bell & Howell 8mm Movie Camera. If a model has magazine load, it says so directly under the Zoomatic label. The film in all models is advanced by a spring motor. The large lever on the side is used to wind the spring motor. The spring motor also apparently powers the power zoom. There are no batteries. All three cameras have a Bell & Howell Varomat Zoom Lens, f1.8. It zooms from a 9mm focal length to a 27mm focal length. The cameras have a built in Type A filter that allows use of indoor color film outdoors. The viewing was not through the lens reflex. The viewing window was coupled with the zoom lens however. In other words, you would see the zooming in or zooming out. This was more sophisticated that some other cameras of the era, such as the Kodak Cine Zoom Camera below, which simply had wide, normal and telephoto frames on the viewing window. Film speed was from ASA (ISO) 10 to 40, very slow by today's standards. The cameras used 8mm film. This was apparently 16mm film folded in two. One side would be used. The spool was then flipped over. You would then film with the other side. The film would be cut and joined when processed.

They were relatively expensive cameras geared towards advanced amateur movie makers. For example, the model 414 in the 1961 Sears Camera Catalog was $167.70, or about $1,200 in 2009 dollars. The model 414P was $189.90, or about $1,350 in 2009 dollars. The 414P camera that took magazine load film was $207.70, or almost $1,500 in 2009 dollars. Page 32 of the 1961 Sears Camera Catalog featured the Model 414 (although they do not mention the model number) and page 33 of the 1961 Sears Camera Catalog featured the Model 414P (although they again do not mention the model number).

The model 414 Director Series camera would be an interesting, although not exceptional, camera from the early 1960s. What makes it perhaps the most examined movie camera model ever, however, is that the most revealing film of the John F. Kennedy assassination on November 22, 1963 was taken with a Bell & Howell Model 414PD (roll film) Director Series camera by a Dallas dress manufacturer Abraham Zapruder. The 28 seconds of film includes the precise moment when the fatal bullet struck the president. Several sites discuss the camera including Abraham Zapruder 8MM JFK Assassination Camera, 1963, Abraham Zapruder Camera (includes owners manual), Roland J. Zavada, Dissecting the Zapruder Bell & Howell 8mm Movie Camera, The Bell & Howell Model 414PD 8mm Movie Camera Image Capture Characteristics.

My model 414 was purchased on eBay on 5-25-09 for $9.99 plus $12.95 shipping. It is in good cosmetic and operating condition as far as I can tell. It winds and runs fine. The description noted that it was similar to the model on page 309 of the 1964 Spiegel Spring and Summer Catalog selling for $199.88. My model 414P was purchased on eBay on 5-26-09 for $19.49 plus $12.84 shipping. It is also in good mechanical and cosmetic condition with a slight scruff near the Bell & Howell Zoomatic label on front. It had partially exposed film still in it. My model 414 PD magazine load was purchased on 6-2-09 for $14.99 on eBay with rather high shipping of $23.80. It is in good mechanical and cosmetic condition, although the winding lever was off when it arrived. This looks to be the same model as the Zapruder camera except mine is magazine load and his is not. Both serial numbers start with AS although my number (AS 22773) is later than his number (AS 13486). (Zapruder serial number from Practical Camera Testing with the B&H 414PD Camera The Quest for Cameras, Film and Process.)

[Bell & Howell Model 374]
Bell & Howell Model 374, Super 8 autoload movie camera, circa 1969, purchased at garage sale on May 28, 2005 for $4 with case (interior foam badly deteriorated), manual and box (neat late '60s design). "Electric Eye" exposure (red dot if not enough light). Zoom lens 12.5 to 25mm (very telephoto), f2.8, focus range 2 feet to infinity. Has "Focus-Matic" feature where you view subject, press button on side, read distance, then turn focus ring to that distance. Not exactly auto focus yet! Good cosmetic condition. Batteries leaked (4 AAA) and I cannot get the camera to work. Has detachable "pistol grip." A very basic camera compared to the Minolta D-6 below.

[Bell & Howell 2123 XL]
Bell & Howell 2123 XL, (circa 1977) (Large Image) Silent Super 8 movie camera purchased on 3-31-07 for about $2 at an El Cajon, CA garage sale. In good operating and cosmetic condition. Motor runs, power zoom works, focuses, and red low light indicator works. Single lens reflex viewing and focusing. Appears to have through the lens automatic exposure. Uses 4 AA batteries in the handle. Diopter adjustment for eyepiece. Screw cable shutter release socket on shutter button. Close focus 5 feet. Tripod socket. Focal length 10.5mm to 26mm, about 2.5X. "f/1.2" lens. According to Super8Wiki manufactured in 1977. According to the same article, 18 frames per second and single frame. The same or very similar model number is in the 1977-78 Sears Camera Catalog. The catalog does not state the model number but it appears to be 2123 or perhaps 2125 in the photo. It sold for $164.50, or about $550 in 2007 dollars. The camera in the catalog has slight differences including a 8.5 to 24mm zoom lens, an additional contrast control button, remote control jack and gold instead of silver and teal lettering. That camera also appears to be largely the same as the Sears XL selling for $159.50. Made in Japan. I don't know who the actual manufacturer was.
Argus | Auricon | Bauer | Bell & Howell | Bolex | Canon | Cinemaster | DeJur | Elmo | GAF | Keystone | Kodak | Minolta | Polaroid | Revere | Sankyo | Sears

Bolex

[Bolex P1]
Bolex P1 Zoom Reflex (1961) (Large Image) The first of the Bolex Zoom Reflex series, the Swiss made P1 featured reflex viewing, focusing, exposure and zooming with a built-in French 5X zoom Som Berthoit Pan-Cinor f1.9 lens with a focal length of 8mm to 40mm. According to www.bolexcollector.com the P1 model was made from 1961 to 1964. Mine has a serial number located at the tripod socket of 904127 making it from the first year of production in 1961. Super8man describes it as "a marvel of form and function." Both www.bolexcollector.com and Super8man have detailed technical and practical information. Super8wiki states: "First Bolex with an integral reflex viewfinder, through the lens metering and fixed zoom lens. However it continued the same compact body as the B8, C8 and D8 cameras. Subsequent models P2 and P3 shared the same body. The P2 was a cheaper version with a shorter range zoom and the P3 added power zooming and minor improvements." "Filming with a Bolex P1 Camera" describes the basic filming procedures. The manual is at: apecity.com. You take the exposure reading and set the aperture before you start filming. Once you start filming the exposure meter no longer works. You wind by winding the winding key back and forth until it stops. This gives you about 7 feet of film or about 31 seconds at 18 frames a second. A full roll of film only gives you about 3 minutes of filming. Quite a change compared to today (2013) when digital still/movie cameras will record high definition video with sound for about 240 minutes on a $12, 16GB, SD card. The original battery for the meter was a Mallory RM 450 mercury battery which is no longer available. A PR675 Wein Cell with spacer can be used instead as described at bolexrepair.com which also does repairs this and certain other 8mm Bolex cameras. My camera is in excellent cosmetic condition. The camera winds and runs although it sounds a bit strange at times. I'm sure it could use a cleaning, lube and adjustment after likely sitting for 50 years. (See www.bolexrepair.com. It comes with the very cool leather case. I purchased mine at a Fletcher Hills (El Cajon, CA) yard sale on April 20, 2013 for about $10 - not bad for a very handsome precision Swiss camera.
[Bolex K2]
Bolex K2 Zoom Reflex Automatic (1965) (Large Image) The Bolex K2 was made from 1964 to 1966 with my camera having serial no. B61746 being made in 1965 according to the chart at bolexcollector.com. I bought it from the same seller as the P1 above for $10. I assume it likely was purchased originally as an update to the P1. It maintains a key wind motor, but has two batteries at the base to power the zoom. The zoom can also be moved manually. Both the camera and the KERN Vario-Switar 8-36mm, f1.9, zoom lens were made in Switzerland. The camera winds and runs. It takes three mercury batteries - two for the power zoom and one for the exposure meter. Forum.filmshooting.com has a discussion on alternatives today. Mine is in excellent cosmetic condition. It also winds and runs fine. The glass is free of mold or scratches. I don't know if the meter or power zoom work because I can't figure out how to get the battery cap off. Simply twisting it with a coin is not allowing it to come off. It comes with the original Styrofoam packing but no box. There was also a case which may belong to this camera although the Yashica Super 800 I also bought was in that case.
[Bolex 18-5L Super 8 Projector]
Bolex 18-5L Super 8 Projector (1965-1966) (Large Image) Dates are from www.bolexcollector.com which has the specifications and other information. Mine is serial no. 4 434 598 (behind single foot on bottom) making it from 1966. That site points out that when Bolex introduced the Bolex 18-05L Super 8 projector, it did not have a Super 8 camera. It would not be until 1967 when that they introduced the Bolex 150 Super 8 camera. I purchased my Bolex 18-5L Super 8 projector with the Bolex K2 and P1 above for about $10. There was another similar projector without the cover. I'm guessing it was a Bolex 18-5 regular 8 projector. Had I known that, I might have gotten it also although I have several regular 8 projectors. Many later projectors could take either regular 8 or super 8 film. Bolex.collector has a neat ad for the introduction of the Bolex 18-5L Super. The instruction manual is at hypnagogicmindset. Mine is in good cosmetic condition. It has a little rust on the outside. I haven't run it since I don't have the cord.
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Canon

[Canon Auto Zoom 518 Super 8]
Canon Auto Zoom 518 Super 8 according to Canon Camera Museum marketed September 1967. This one was sold much later, however, since it came with a warranty card indicating it was purchased from College Camera in San Diego on 8-21-72. Serial no. 342935. Came with the box, case and manual. It has a price tag on the box for $229.90 from North Park Camera in San Diego. $229.90 in 1972 is over $1,140 in 2007 dollars. 9.5 to 47.5mm f1.8 zoom lens, both power and manual. Speeds of 18 fps and slow motion of approximately 40 fps. Reflex viewing and focusing. F-stops viewable in viewfinder. Exposure meter operating on two 1.3 volt mercury batteries. Motor for film is run by three 1.5 volt AA batteries in the top battery compartment. Motor for the power zoom is run by one 1.5 volt AA battery in the handle. The power zoom feature and handle is the major change from the prior Zoom 518 Super 8 model marketed December 1964 according to Canon Camera Museum. My Auto Zoom 518 has a sound feature which is not mentioned at the Canon site and is not included in the manual except on a separate loose page which explains the process. The box also refers to the sound feature only with a separate sticker stuck on the box. Close examination of the camera in the main manual indeed reveals that it does not have the remote and sound input jacks that my camera has and which are shown on the separate loose page. These jacks are also not mentioned at the Canon site. Recording of sound involved use of a separate sound tape recorder which I do not have. The late purchase date of this camera may be an indication it was a later variation of the original Auto Zoom 518 Super 8. It wouldn't be until August 1976 that Canon came out with their first true sound camera, the Canon 514 XL-S below. Purchased at a La Mesa, CA yard sale as I recall in early 2007 for $15. The camera belonged to the seller's father. The seller recalled that the sound feature was big deal back then and his dad would spend a lot of time getting the sound right. In very good cosmetic condition. Meter responds to light but is likely inaccurate since I used 1.5 volt PX625 silver oxide batteries. I could not get the motor or power zoom to work. I don't know if you need film in it for the motor and zoom to work, but I doubt it. There may be a corrosion problem especially in the handle battery compartment. Manual focusing and zoom work fine. Lens is clear.
[Canon 514 XL-S]
Canon 514 XL-S, (August 1976) compact sound super 8 movie camera Which according to the Canon Camera Museum was their first sound camera and became a long-selling hit. Sophisticated sound system with automatic and manual audio level controls. Fast f1.4 5X power zoom lens, 9mm to 45mm. 18 and 24 frames per second and single frame in silent mode. Operates on 6 AA bateries which fit in handle. (See view with handle. View above is with handle folded.) Cost in 1978-79 Sears Camera Catalog was $354.50, over $1,000 in 2005 dollars as measured from 1978! Camera was purchased at a local garage sale around November 2005 for $15. It is in excellent cosmetic and working condition. Includes leather case.
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Cinemaster

[Cinemaster II G-8]
Cinemaster II G-8, 8mm movie camera made by Universal Camera Corporation of New York in the United States. Three speeds: 16, 24 and 32 frames per second. Manual wind. It has some sort of exposure meter which you turn and it shows some sort of scale. When doing this the image is very dark and I'm not sure if it is working. Interchangeable 1/2 inch focal length, f2.5 to 16 lens. Very heavy, all metal construction. Purchased at a La Mesa garage sale on October 8, 2005 for less than $2. In excellent working condition with original box, but no manual. One was being sold on eBay at the same time. The description stated it was purchased in 1946 with an original price tag of $66 which is about $665 in 2005 dollars. Collecting Movie Cameras confirms the 1946 date with an original price of $51. About 12.5cm x 5cm x 9.5cm.
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DeJur

[DeJur Electra]
DeJur Electra (1959) (Large Image) Date is from an eBay listing for the owner's manual. Made by DeJur Amsco Corporation. Turet with three lenses: DeJur Bausch & Lomb Telephoto f/1.8; DeJur Bausch & Lomb Wideangle f/1.8; DeJur Bausch & Lomb 13mm f/1.8. A later model with a single zoom lens sold for $169.95 according to an advertisement on eBay estimated to be from the early 1960s. I don't recall exactly where or when I got this. I think it is a garage sale item purchased for at most a few dollars.
[DeJur 750 8mm Projector]
DeJur 750 8mm Projector (1955) Date from owner's manual and listed in 1955 Sears Camera Catalog. 750 Watt lamp, f1.6 lens. Price in 1955 Sears Camera Catalog was $159.50, equal to $1,256.62 in 2009 dollars! In excellent cosmetic and working condition. Comes with hard case, manual and empty reel. Made in USA. Purchased at a private estate sale in the Allied Gardens area of San Diego on 2-22-09 for about $10.
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[Elmo 104]
Honeywell Elmo Super Filmatic 104, circa 1967, super 8 single lens reflex (through the lens viewing and focusing) silent movie camera, made in Japan, with 3X f8.5mm to 34mm, f1.8 zoom lens. Powered by 4 AA batteries in a plastic holder in a compartment at the top of the camera. A 625 button battery at the opening of the film compartment apparently controls the meter. 625 batteries, common in many cameras of the era, were mercury batteries and no longer available. Alternatives are available, however. See, e.g., Miranda Camera Battery. There is a label attached to the camera stating "CDS BATT 2.26.72" which I assume was the last time this battery was replaced. 18 and 24 frames per second. Apparently manual and automatic exposure. In very good cosmetic condition. The lens looks clear but with some slight internal spots. (I don't think it is mold. Maybe a slight coating problem.) Viewfinder image is clear and useable but quite dark and with a yellow cast. The camera is not working yet. There is very slight corrosion on the spring to the negative terminal and the corresponding connection to the battery pack. I need to clean these and try fresh batteries. It appears to be a fairly sophisticated camera approaching the sophistication of the Minolta Autopak-8 D6 below. Purchased at a La Mesa garage sale on October 8, 2005 for less than $2.
[Elmo Super 8 Sound 230S-XL]
Elmo Super 8 Sound 230S-XL (1980-1983) (Large Image) Sound Super 8 movie camera. Made in Japan. Elmo Co., Ltd. Serial No. 222244. Elmo Zoom Lens 10.5 to 26.5mm (2.5X zoom), f1.2. Manual or electronic zoom. Mic input and some sort of hot shoe. Powered by six 1.5 volt AA cells in the handle which power the exposure meter, film motor and zoom motor. Dates are from super8wiki.com which also indicates frame rate of 18 frames per second and a shutter degree of 220. According www.super8data.com it takes sound and silent super 8 cartridge film including the Kodak Supermatic 60-m cassette. The camera has reflex through the lens viewing and focusing. The focus ring has clicks or stops at 1.5', 2.5', 5' and infinity. The travel of the focus ring is short - perhaps 60 degree. There is no microprism or split screen to aid focusing. The clicks appear to be to allow you to use a zone focusing. Additionally, the focus can be locked at 5 feet. This feature is apparently the "focus free" feature referred to on the right side of the camera. When you fix the focus at 5 feet the zoom range is also limited to about half its normal range I assume so that the focal length is sufficiently wide angle to get enough depth of field to reach from near to infinity. "Focus free" or "fixed focus" is usually a sign of a cheap camera and lens. It often seems to be designed to get the consumer to think the camera is "auto focus" which is much more sophisticated and wasn't available in single lens reflex still cameras until about 1984 with the advent of the Minolta 7000. (Pentax and Canon had auto focus single lens reflex cameras preceding the Minolta 7000 but the autofocus was only available with a few special lenses.) While this camera would have been an entry level sound camera it was not cheap. Super8wiki.com says it was 150 pounds in the United Kingdom.
There is a very informative brochure at apecity.com that explains this camera can take a 200 foot extended film cassette that fits on top of the camera. The camera has a hinged door on the top to allow the extended film cassette. This allows filming up to 13 minutes, 20 seconds, four times longer than the normal 50 foot film cassette. These film cassettes appear to at least double the height of the camera. There were also similar 240 and 260S-XL models with wider range zoom lenses with macro capabilities. I purchased my camera on April 13, 2013 at a La Mesa, CA garage sale for $3. It is in good cosmetic condition. The batteries were left inside and were heavily corroded. I was able to clean the corrosion out, however, and the camera now runs. By the end of the 1980s sound movie cameras were largely obsolete taken over by camcorders. A principal advantage of a camcorder is the video tape allowed much longer recording at a much lower cost. This offset the initial high price of the camcorder. In the early 1980s video cameras and cassette recorders, followed by camcorders which included the camera and recorder together, were much larger than a movie camera like this Elmo. By the end of the 1980s, however, 8mm camcorders were only slightly larger than this Elmo and prices were steadily declining. Today for a little more than $100 you can get a high definition digital camcorder that is much smaller than this Elmo and that records on an SD card. Compared to this Elmo, the visual and sound quality, and convenience, are much higher at a fraction of the price. A lot has changed in 30 years! Film aficionados still like using old movie cameras, however, and the cameras still have some value. For example, an Elmo 240S-XL sold for $49.95 in January 2013 on eBay. (See also List of Cameras of Similar Vintage at City College of San Francisco.)
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GAF

[GAF ST/602]
GAF ST/602, Super 8 with 6X power zoom lens, 8mm to 48mm, f1.8. In decent working and cosmetic condition except the leatherette covering is off or coming off leaving a sticky residue I haven't been able to get rid of yet. According to Super8Wiki, frame rates of 18, 24 and single frame. May have been made by Chinon. Price in 1977-78 Sears Camera Catalog was 194.50, about $650 in 2007 dollars. Purchased at a Fletcher Hills (El Cajon, CA) garage sale around March 2007 for about $1.
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Keystone

[Keystone Capri K-30]
Keystone Capri K-30,1957 according to Cimematographica. 8mm, double-8.Keystone-Elgeet 1/2 inch, f1.9 lens. Spring wind. In good working condition with leather case. Similar to the Keystone K-25 Capri made in 1946 and discussed at Digicamhistory which describes the history of Keystone. Made in USA. Purchased on eBay on 1-19-06 for $.99 plus $6.21 shipping.
[Keystone K-36]
Keystone K-36, 8mm movie camera made in the USA by "Keystone Mfg. Co. Boston, Mass," serial number J 6757. Three speeds: 12, 16 and 48 frames per second. Manual wind. Interchangeable 1/2 inch focal length, f3.5 to 22 lens. Very heavy, all metal construction. Purchased at a La Mesa garage sale on October 8, 2005 for less than $2. An eBay action at the same time indicated a 1936 manufacture date, however, it appears very similar to the Keystone K-22 in the 1949 Montgomery Ward Photographic Catalog. In excellent working condition. About 16cm x 7cm x 4.5cm, not including lens.
[Keystone K48]
Keystone K-48 Bel Air Magazine 8mm (Large Image) (1957) The camera label states the model as "Keystone K-48 Bel Air Magazine 8mm." The label also has serial no. 2400259 and an exposure guide. The Keystone K-48 appears in the 1957 Montgomery Ward Camera Shop Catalog at page 90 stating it is a "newly designed magazine loading camera." It was $163.40, with a "now" price of $149.39. $149.39 has the equivalent buying power of $1,223.94 in 2012 dollars. I took the photo of my Keystone K-48 with a new Fujifilm HS 30EXR "bridge" digital camera which I got for Christmas December 2012 for $250, the same month I am writing this entry. It is amazing how cameras have changed since 1957 which also happens to be the year I was born. While my new Fujifilm HS 30EXR camera is primarily a digital still camera, it also takes high definition movies with stereo sound. The HS 30EXR camera has a 30 times zoom lens and can focus down to 1cm. Photos and movies can be viewed immediately on the camera's screen or on a computer monitor, television or digital projector. The Keystone K-48, of course, recorded its images on photographic movie film. There was no sound. A 25 foot 8mm magazine of Kodak film was $2.98 in the Wards catalog. Processing by Wards was $1.10. The film and processing was slightly over $4 per roll which gave you about 3 minutes of filming time. $4 in 1957 has a buying power of over $32 today! My new camera stores the still images and movies on an SD card with dimensions of approximately 2.4cm x 3.2cm x 0.2cm and a mass of about 2 grams. I purchased a high speed 16GB SD card for $12. One minute of video takes up about 100MB or 0.1GB. A 16GB card can hence hold about 160 minutes of high definition video. I don't think that anyone even thought of storing photographic images in digital form in 1957. (See generally Carlson, CGI (Computer Generated Imagery) Timeline.) In 1957 the only computers were huge mainframe computers costing hundreds of thousands of dollars. In 1956 an IBM RAMAC hard drive stored a total of 5 megabytes, weighed about a ton, and cost $35,000 a year to rent! (See In 1955 a 5MB Drive Weighed a Ton and Cost $35,000.) $35,000 in 1957 is about $300,000 in 2012 dollars. My parents paid $20,000 in 1957 for their house. My neighbor bought their house for about $17,000 in 1959. My 16GB SD memory card holds over 3,000 times more data than the RAMAC hard drive.
I purchased my Keystone K-48 I believe several years prior to writing this in 2012. I guessing I purchased it a garage sale for probably under $10. It is in very good cosmetic condition. I also believe it is in good working condition, although I have not run film through it. It winds well and the motor runs well. The Keystone accessory exposure meter made by General Electric still responds to light. (It locks into place with a sliding button on top of the camera.) The camera has a three lens turret. The widest angle lens is a Kinotar 7mm f2.5 made in Japan. The next lens is a Keystone Elgeet 1/2 inch f2.3. The final lens is a 1.5 inch Kinotel f2.9 made in Japan. I'm guessing the Keystone Elgeet 1/2 inch f2.3 lens is made in the United States and is likely the single lens used on the less expensive Keystone K-42. The camera itself is made in the United States. A slide switch on top of the K-48 allows you to select the frame of the viewfinder for the 1/2", 1", or wide angle lens. The camera runs at 12, 16, 24 or 48 frames per second. There is a tripod socket on the bottom of the camera. My camera came with the original box. Loose inside is a price sticker from "White's" with a price of $159.00 which is in the ballpark of the price in the Montgomery Ward Camera catalog.
[Keystone K26]
Keystone K26 (1958) date from www.agassiztrading.com. Three lens turret with Elgeet 25mm f1.8 telephoto lens, Keystone 12.7mm f1.8 normal lens, and Elgeet 9mm f1.8mm wide angle lens. Each of these lenses is removable. The removable normal lens is actually blank and just servers as a lens shade. The actual normal lens must be built into the camera. The telephoto lens and the wide angle lens cover that normal lens and hence must be supplementary lenses which rely on the normal lens. Aperture settings of f1.8 ("Dark Day"), f2.8 ("Cloudy Dull"), f4 ("Light Shade"), f5.6 ("Hazy Sun"), f8 ("Bright Sun"), 11 and 16. There is also an A and N setting which appears to place a filter in front of the primary lens and just before either of the two supplementary lenses. I assume A stands for Amber filter and N stands for normal. It has a removable light meter on top which does not seem to be working. Made in USA with a Boston address. The camera is in good cosmetic and working condition from what I can tell. The lines in the viewfinder are coming off, however. Purchased at a garage sale in the Del Cerro area of San Diego on 7-5-08 for $5. The seller was a dealer of World War II uniforms and memorabilia.
[Keystone 109d Projector]
Keystone 109d 8mm projector (circa 1957) (Large Image) Date from an eBay entry. I'm not sure how accurate it is. Purchased at a Fletcher Hills area of El Cajon, CA garage sale on 5-23-09 for $10. In very good cosmetic and working condition. Comes with large case with a K shape design. Note that the projector itself forms a K shape. This was a typical design for projectors at the time, but the K shape is very pronounced here and hence perhaps a design effect also to capitalize on the Keystone name.
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Kodak

[Kodascope 8 Model 70]
Kodascope 8 Model 70 (1937-1938) date from C.J. Camera's & Projectoren. 8mm film projector. Made in USA by Eastman Kodak, Rochester, New York. 600 watts. Slow - Fast setting. The label states: "Use with slow burning film only." Early film had a nitrate base which was very flamable. In the 1930s less flamable cellulose acetate propionate and cellulose acetate butyrate bases were used. These would have been "slow burning films." In the late 1940s a cellulose triacetate base was developed which was even safer. Later these less flammable films were known as "safety films." While these acetate based films were safe, it was later discovered that they degrade over time giving off acetic acid, the key ingredient in vinegar. This decay has been termed "the vinegar syndrome" and has been a major threat to preserving motion pictures. (Wikipedia - Cellulose Acetate Film.) This projector was a donation from the Stella Maris Academy Kindergarten teacher. It belonged to her grandfather. It is in very good cosmetic and working condition (motor and lamp work) although I have not run film through it. It came in the original box. It also included literature for the Bell & Howell Sportster similar to mine above. A wonderful gift to the museum. Thanks!
[Kodak Cine]
Kodak Cine, 16mm from the 1940s. Purchased at church rummage sale for $5.00 with case, film reels, meter and instruction booklet. Takes interchangeable lenses. According to The Kodak Collector's Page sold from 1945 to 1950.
[Cine-Kodak Magazine 8]
Cine-Kodak Magazine 8, 8mm movie camera made from 1946 to 1955 with an original cost of $176, which would be an astonishing $1,750 in 2005 dollars as measured from 1946. Anastigmat 13mm f1.9-22 lens with shutter speeds of 16, 24, 32 and 64 frames per second. While relatively small, it weighs more than two pounds with metal construction. It is in good cosmetic condition and winds and runs. It was purchased at a garage sale on July 2, 2005 for $5 along with a pliers, wire stripper, ruler and slide rule. They seem to be relatively common on eBay. Good information is contained at The Kodak Collector's Page (Index) and Collecting Movie Cameras.
[Kodak Brownie 8]
Kodak Brownie 8, according to the Brownie Camera Page this very basic movie camera was sold from April 1961 to November 1962. The original price was $24.50. It has a plastic body with a 13mm lens. Aperture control is by a plastic turret with different sized holes that rotates in front of the lens. You dial in "bright sun," "cloudy," etc. A window tells you what the actual aperture is. One speed. Mechanical wind. Mine is in good condition except the winding crank is missing and therefore I have been unable to test it. Purchased on October 8, 2005 for less than $2.
[Kodak Cine Zoom Camera]
Kodak Cine Zoom Camera, 8mm camera from early 1960s with f1.9 zoom lens and "electric eye" exposure. This was my dad's movie camera. I have fond memories of watching movies of his forehead as he checked whether the camera was running. There are priceless movies of trips to Oregon and at parks when I was a young boy. According to a Kodak Zoom 8 ad in the June 1960 National Geographic magazine, the Kodak Zoom 8 camera cost $139.50, about $900 today. (The camera in the ad appears to be the same model, although mine says "Kodak Cine" instead of just Kodak, and says "Zoom Camera" instead of "Zoom 8 Camera.") The price in the 1961 Sears Catalog was $119.88. 8mm and Super 8 film is still available at 8mmfilmstock which also provides extensive information about film, processing, and movie making.
[Kodak Instamatic M6]
Kodak Instamatic M6 (circa 1966) Super 8 cartridge loading Instamatic camera with f1.8 zoom lens. Single lens reflex viewing and focusing. Manual zoom lens. Does not have specific focal length range, but Super8Wiki lists the M7 as having a 12mm to 36mm focal length. Folding handle, tripod socket, shutter release socket, and diopter adjustment. Close focus is slightly less than 6 feet. Apparently single speed of 18 frames per second. Takes 3 AA batteries and one PX-13 mercury battery for the meter. Meter appears to work by dropping an arrow in the viewfinder if there is not enough light. Backlight - normal switch. A 1966 magazine advertisement on eBay indicates it was sold in 1966 with a suggested retail price under $160, which astonishingly equals about $1,000 in 2007 dollars. Body made of metal, but definitely a relatively unsophisticated consumer model. Made in USA. Apparently came in an all black model which I have and a model with one black side and one off white side. Purchased at an El Cajon, CA garage sale on March 31, 2007 for about $2. In fair cosmetic condition. Zooms and focuses, although the focus is a little rough. The meter battery compartment had a leaking 1.3 volt PX-13 battery. I cleaned out the compartment carefully and put in a new 1.5 volt PX625 battery. The meter appears to work. The AA battery compartment is clean and you can hear the motor running. I do not see the shutter moving or the gear which advances the film moving. Perhaps film needs to be in the camera.
[Kodak Ektasound 130]
Kodak Ektasound 130 (1973-77) (Large Image.) The first camera to record image and sound on magnetically stripped Super 8 film. (Science and Society Picture Library.) Unfortunately, it is difficult to get film that will work in these cameras today. (http://ektasound.blogspot.com/.) The optics are not very sophisticated. It has a fixed focus and fixed focal length Kodak Extar 9mm f1.2 lens with a simple not through the lens viewfinder. It has a filter switch for tungsten or daylight lighting, a motor battery check, a run/lock switch, a button on the bottom rear to run the camera, a diopter adjustment for the eyepiece, a blue battery check light, an input for an external 9 volt D.C. connection, and an input for an external microphone. There are no other adjustments. It takes 6 AA 1.5 volt batteries for the motor and a 9 volt battery for the amplifier. It is a very simple, yet historic, camera. I purchased mine for $5 at a garage sale on September 17, 2011 on Mohawk Street in San Diego, CA. The AA batteries had corroded. I was able to clean up the contacts and get it running although it took me a long time to figure out the button on the bottom rear of the handle was the run button! I thought that button was to release the battery door! It looks like there is no built in microphone. Instead an external microphone is used. The camera is made by Eastman Kodak in Rochester, New York. While this was the first Super 8 sound camera, by 1976 there were several Super 8 sound movie cameras and projectors in the 1976-1977 Sears Camera Catalog by several different manufacturers. I think Kodak generally knew there was money to be made in introducing a camera with a new type of film and then selling that film. Whether the film was in a Kodak camera or not was of secondary importance. The Ektasound 130 does not appear in the 1976-1977 Sears Camera Catalog. It appears to have been replaced by the model Ektasound D 230 which also had a pre-focused 9mm, f1.2 lens, but which added a built-in microphone which extended from the handle out in front of the camera apparently to get closer to the subject sound and to reduce any sound of the camera motor. The Ektasound D 230 sold for $224.50 which has the same buying power as almost $900 in 2011. For $900 in 2011 you can get a digital single lens reflex still camera that also records HD video with stereo sound. You can also edit the still photos or videos on your computer and play them on your high definition flat panel LCD television. Even by the late 1980s video cameras had largely replaced consumer film movie cameras. While Kodak was a pioneer in digital photography, the move to digital photography significantly impacted Kodak financially. Eastman Kodak's stock prices over the past several decades are interesting. The data is from an interactive chart on Yahoo Financial. In October 1972, the year before this camera was introduced, Eastman Kodak stock was selling at almost $66 per share. It then took a large dip falling to about $19 per share in January 1978. By July 1987 it had risen back to about $68 per share. Its all-time high was about $80 per share in October 1996 and it was still at $75.6 per share in July 1999. On September 26, 2011 Kodak stock closed at $1.74 per share after it drew on its credit line. (See, e.g., Reuters, Kodak Shares Sink After It Draws on Credit Line, "Eastman Kodak Shares Got Crushed: What You Need to Know," The Motley Fool. But see "Buy Kodak Shares Now: Analyst," The Street (Kodak maintains many valuable digital image patent claims.)) In January 1962 it was selling for over $12 per share (I assume in 1962 dollars). Kodak was removed from the S&P 500 index in December 2010. It had been part of the Dow Jones Industrial Average from 1930 to 2004. ("S&P 500: Netflix In, Eastman Kodak Out," CNN Money, December 10, 2010.) While Eastman Kodak is no longer part of the S&P 500, Eastman Chemical, which was spun off from Eastman Kodak in 1994, is part of the S&P 500. (Eastman Chemical Company, Wikipedia.)
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Minolta

[Minolta Autopak-8 D6]
Minolta Autopak-8 K11 (1966-1968) (Large Image) Dates from super8data.com. Super8 cartridge silent movie camera made in Japan. Single lens reflex f1.8 zoom lens, focal length 8.4mm to 50mm, close focus 4 ft (1.2m). There were also similar K5 and K7 models with shorter zoom lenses. Purchased on January 4, 2013 at an estate sale on Jackson Drive. The camera was apparently owned by Charles A. McLauglin, Ph.D. whose business cards indicate he did photography and scientific illustration. The house had many books and journals on zoology and hundreds of photographic slides of his travels throughout the world. This was the only camera for sale, however. The camera is in good cosmetic condition. It is powered by five 1.5 volt batteries that fit into the handle. The bottom of the handle unscrews to allow you to insert the batteries. The entire handle can also be removed. The batteries power the shutter, motor and electric zoom. The camera is not getting power. I very briefly ran it using a 9 volt battery hooked up to the terminals with the handle/battery pack removed. The batteries did not leak. When I took off the top plate of the battery pack I could get voltage showing on a multimeter. Once out of many tries I was able to get a voltage reading from the battery pack with the top plate on. With another battery pack or more patience I think it should work. In glancing at eBay I came across two K series cameras with a similar problem. I'm not sure whether there is a separate battery for the light meter. I did not find one.
[Minolta Autopak-8 D6]
Minolta Autopak-8 D6, Super8 silent movie camera from the early '70s, in good working and cosmetic condition, although I have not run film through it. Single lens reflex, f1.8 zoom lens, focal length 8.4mm to 50mm, close focus 4 ft (1.2m). Purchased in July 2004 on eBay for $.99 with about $14 for shipping. Shipping was delayed, however, and seller refunded all amounts. See Super8Manual for general information about Super8 cameras.
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Polaroid

[Polavision]
Polavision Camera. Polavision, introduced in 1978, was an entirely new process resulting in near instant movies. Film cartridges about 13cm x 7cm x 1.5 cm were used in the Polavision camera. These were not cheap. A 2.5 minute film cassette was $7.99 in the 1978-79 Sears Camera catalog. After filming you placed it in a special Polavision Player which developed and played the cassettes. Players were expensive at $379.50 in the 1978-79 Sears Camera Catalog, over $1,000 in today's dollars. While Polavision was an innovative development, it was short lived likely for several reasons. First, it was expensive. Second, the quality was relatively poor. (See The Land List). Third, the movies did not have sound. As indicated by the Canon 514 XL-S above, sound was becoming common at the time. Fourth, as demonstrated by the RCA Video Camera below, portable video cameras were right around the corner. Today you can buy a decent digital video camera for about $300 with 60 minute Mini DV tapes costing less than $5. You can edit the tape on your computer and view it on your television. My Polavision camera outfit was purchased on eBay on 10-19-05 for $6.50 plus $11.45 shipping and $1.30 insurance. It is in good cosmetic and working condition. It includes the outfit with accessories. The original price on the box was $199.95.
[Polavision]
Polavision Viewer (Large Image) The 2.5 minute cassettes were viewed using the Polavision Viewer. As indicated above, the viewers were expensive at $379.50 in the 1978-79 Sears Camera Catalog, the same buying power as $1,266.73 in 2010. For that much money one could buy a digital video camera, an LCD projector and a desktop computer in 2010 with some careful buying. I haven't tried my viewer. I think it turns on when a cassette is inserted. I purchased the viewer and a camera as well as several other photographic items including a Minolta SRT 101 35mm single lens reflex camera and a Minolta QT16 subminiture camera for a total of $30 from an ad on Craigslist on 5-10-10 in the North Park area of San Diego (Robinson Avenue). My impression is that the viewers are relatively hard to come by. They are also heavy and would be expensive to ship on eBay. Television commercials are available on YouTube: 1978 commercial with water skiers, 1978 commercial with boys having pillow fight, Ed McMahon for Polavision from Polaroid (April 2, 1979). YouTube also has an interesting video entitled Polavision Super8 Film Transfer and Restoration showing how you can take the processed film out of the cassette and project it using a Super8 projector. It also shows transfer to digital media.
Argus | Auricon | Bauer | Bell & Howell | Bolex | Canon | Cinemaster | DeJur | Elmo | GAF | Keystone | Kodak | Minolta | Polaroid | Revere | Sankyo | Sears

Revere

[Revere 88]
Revere 88 (circa 1940) (Large Image) Double 8mm movie camera. Date from Collecting Movie Cameras. This may be the introduction date since eBay has an ad for the Revere 88 and a projector from 1942. CINEMATOGRAPHICA lists it as 1946. While fairly old, these seem to be pretty common on eBay. A recent one sold for only $10 with the original box. Two are listed with the original box and manual for only $10. Its a small camera with dimensions of about 5" high, 2" wide and 3.25" deep with another .75" for the lens. It's metal body makes it heavy, however, with a mass of about 1.2 Kg. Wollensak-Revere 13mm f2.5 Velostigmat lens. It doesn't seem to be removable. It also seems to be fixed focus. There is a small aperture ring on the lens with f-stops from f2.5 to f16. In place of a light meter there is a label next to the lens stating: VERY DULL- F2.5, DULL- 3.5, CLOUDY- 4, HAZY- 5.6, SUNLIGHT- 8, BRIGHT- 11, BRILLANT- 16. There is a much more detailed "Exposure Guide" on the left side (door side) of the camera. Speed control of 8, 12, 16, 24 and 36 frames per second. Key wind. The shutter button is the one just above the winding key. Made in the U.S.A. by the Revere Camera Company, Chicago. Purchased for $5 at a La Mesa, CA estate sale on July 17, 2009. Well worn exterior, but in good operating condition. Additional Images: Lens, Open, Profile, Side.
[Revere 8 Ranger]
Revere 8 Ranger Model 81, double 8mm movie camera 1949 made in US (Chicago) with 12.7mm f2.5 coated lens and spring winding mechanism. Sources: Neil Prince Cine Collection, Vintage Movie Cameras. Additional 1.5 inch Wollensak Raptor f3.5 telephoto lens. Purchased at an estate sale on July 16, 2005 for about $10 with film, filters, meter and case. In good cosmetic and working condition. The lenses appear to be clear although two filters have mold. (Photo of mold taken with a loupe in front of camera lens. Exposure darkened and contrast increased.) Photos: Large, Other side. Price in 1952 Sears Camera Catalog was $74.50.
[Revere Model Fifty Five]
Revere Model Fifty Five, 8mm movie camera from the early 1950s. Purchased at garage sale in July 2004 for $4.00 with case and instruction booklet. Similar Revere 50 camera with f2.8 lens and two speeds, 16 and 64 frames per second, sold for $49.50 in the 1952 Sears Camera Catalog.
[Revere 40]
Revere 40 (1952) 8mm magazine loading movie camera made in the USA. 13mm f2.5 interchangeable lens. Mine has an light amber color filter over it. Speeds 12, 16, 24, 32 and 48 frames per second. Price in Fall 1952 - Spring 1953 Sears Camera Catalog was $99.50 equal to about $820 in 2008 dollars. Purchased at a garage sale in the Del Cerro area of San Diego on 7-5-08 for $5. The seller was a dealer of World War II uniforms and memorabilia. My camera is in good cosmetic and operating condition from what I can tell.
Argus | Auricon | Bauer | Bell & Howell | Bolex | Canon | Cinemaster | DeJur | Elmo | GAF | Keystone | Kodak | Minolta | Polaroid | Revere | Sankyo | Sears

Sankyo

[Sankyo Sound XL-25S]
Sankyo Sound XL-25S, (Large image) Super 8 sound movie camera selling in the 1976-77 Sears Camera Catalog for $249.50, about $890 in 2007 dollars. Manufactured from 1976 to 1978 according to Super8Wiki. 2.5 to 1 power zoom, 10.5 to 26mm, f1.2-f45, single lens reflex viewing. Automatic through the lens CdS exposure. 18 frames per second, plus 36 fps for slow motion and single frame advance. Operates on 4AA batteries. This one came with a boom microphone selling for $69.50 in the 1976-77 Sears Camera Catalog. In excellent working and cosmetic condition. Comes with a case. Purchased at a garage sale in Fletcher Hills (El Cajon, CA) for about $8 on 3-30-07. Still has film in it. Serial no. 757252. The Sears Camera Catalog also has the similar but more advanced XL-60S with 6 to 1 macro zoom for $364.50.
[Sankyo Super-CM 300]
Sankyo Super CM 300, (Large image) according to Oliver's Camera Page in French, manufactured from 1970 to 1977. Super 8 silent camera. f1.8 power zoom (9mm to 30mm) lens. Single lens reflex viewing and focusing. According to 8mm Ireland, speeds of 18 and 36 frames per second as well as single frame. According to Super8Wiki original price in the United Kingdom in 1970 was 63 British Pounds. Takes 4 AA batteries. In very good cosmetic and working condition. Purchased for about $8 at a Fletcher Hills (El Cajon, CA) garage sale on 3-30-07 for about $8. Still has film in it. Serial no. 829934. Comes with hard Sankyo case.
Argus | Auricon | Bauer | Bell & Howell | Bolex | Canon | Cinemaster | DeJur | Elmo | GAF | Keystone | Kodak | Minolta | Polaroid | Revere | Sankyo | Sears

Sears Tower

[Tower Automatic 8mm Projector]
Tower Automatic 8mm projector, purchased at a San Carlos/Del Cerro area of San Diego garage sale on 1-11-09 for $4. In near new condition except for minor scratch on cover when I dropped the cover at the garage sale! Believed to be from the early 1960s. It is for 8mm film only, not Super 8. Tower was the Sears brand for photographic equipment. Up until the 1980s, Sears had an extensive photographic department in stores and by mail order. The Tower brand sometimes included professional quality equipment such as Tower rangefinder cameras with a Leica mount. Some of the early Pentax SLRs were also sold under the Tower name, as were a number of Ricoh and Mamiya cameras. For example, the the Tower 32A is same as the Mamiya Prismat NP, the first Mamiya 35mm SLR marketed. By the 1970s it seems the Tower name stopped being used. For example, the Sears 1000 MXB made in the 1970s is a version of the Mamiya MSX 1000. The Tower name is no longer used, however.
[Tower Varizoom]
Tower Varizoom, 8mm movie camera from about 1960.

Video Cameras

[RCA Color Video Camera CC001]
RCA Color Video Camera CC001, RCA's first consumer color video camera, purchased at a local garage sale for $5 on June 11, 2005. Manufactured November 1978. It is a camera only. To record, you had to hook it up to a separate VCR. At present, you have to plug the power supply into an AC outlet. The camera has a 20 foot cord, however, to allow you to move around. You could also use a battery pack and portable recorder. A complete setup may have been thousands of dollars. Today you can get a digital camcorder for $300 that you can hold in the palm of your hand and edit on a computer! Quite a change in less than 30 years! The CC001 has an interchangeable Canon f1.8 6X zoom lens (12.5mm to 75mm). The viewfinder on the side on this camera is simply an empty box you look through. It could be equipped with a 1 inch CRT viewfinder, however. Without the CRT viewfinder you would have to use a monitor to focus or simply measure or estimate distance. It is in good cosmetic condition. I do not have the right connector to attach the camera to a television monitor, but I improvised with an RCA plug and got it to show an image in white and green. I suspect with the right connector it would work. Photos: Power Supply, Shoulder Mounted. See labguysworld for additional information.
[Thompson-CSF Betacam Portable Videocassette Recorder VT-626]
Thompson-CSF Betacam Portable Videocassette Recorder VT-626, essentially the same as the Sony BVW-25 and the Ampex CVR-25. The Betacam format introduced by Sony in 1982 was the professional version of the Sony Betamax format introduced in 1975. This portable VCR was likely sold somewhere between 1982 and 1986 when an advanced Betacam SP format came out. See Wikipedia - Betacam and Marcel's TV Museum (Dutch site referring to production of the BVW-25P in the mid-80's). Marcel's TV Museum has excellent photos of the similar Sony BVW-25P:close-up, internal, case. The BVW-25P designation may have been for SP playback since the photos have a label stating SP playback which mine does not. BCS Broadcast Store lists the manufacturer's suggested retail price for the Ampex CVR-25 as $13,250! BCS Broadcast Store lists a used Sony BVW-25 for $1,510. Broken or unknown condition used models appear to go for under $50 on eBay, however. Other useful sources include: History of Camcorders, History of Videotape - VHS, Wikipedia - Videocassette Recorders, Wikipedia - Camcorder, Wikipedia - Betacam and Wikipedia - Thompson-CSF. My Thompson VT-626 was purchased at a La Mesa, CA garage sale on 8-5-06 for about $5. It is in good cosmetic condition. It did not come with any cables or batteries and is untested. It takes two NP-1 or one BP-90 batteries. This unit would be hooked to a video camera for recording or a monitor for playback. It is big weighing about 14 pounds and about 10.5" x 13" x 5." While I could not find an appropriate input connection to hook up the RCA CC001 camera above, please see the photo of me with both to see what taking video was like in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
[Minolta Video Camera, Recorder and Tuner]
Minolta Video Camera, Recorder and Tuner (Large Image.) Early to mid 1980s. Consists of Minolta Color Video Camera K-800S AF, Minolta Portable VHS Video Cassette Recorder V-770S, and Minolta Video Tuner T-770S. The camera, usually resting on your shoulder, connects to the portable video cassette recorder, which is contained in a very nice Lowe-Pro Video VCR Compact II case slung over your other shoulder. The portable VCR has a slot in the back for a battery, type BP-2. A battery was not included. It is a large "brick" type battery similar to, but not the same as, the battery in my Panasonic camcorder below. I remember seeing an arrangement like this once when I was in Salt Lake City in about 1983 and being amazed that normal people could now make video movies. The seller said he thought he purchased it in 1985 for $1,900. An eBay entry states a similar, although perhaps earlier and less sophisticated, camera model K500S was from 1982. A German site states the K500S model is from 1984, however. The only date on the documentation that came with the equipment was for a RCA battery which has a copyright date of 1983. The 1985 date for the K800S seems pretty accurate although shortly after that time all in one units took over. The $1,900 price equals $3,679 in 2007 dollars. I purchased a new Canon digital camcorder on clearance in the Spring of 2007 for $175. It's less than 5% the new price of the Minolta in constant dollars, fits in the palm of your hand, has much higher resolution, and can be easily edited on a computer. Quite a difference in only 22 years! My Minolta system was purchased at a garage sale at the annual Rolando area (south of University) garage sales on 8-4-07 for $5. It's in very good cosmetic condition. I have not yet tried to see if it works although the seller said he thought it would. It's a fantastic addition to the museum, and while the system is pretty obsolete, the Lowe-Pro case could actually make a pretty nice laptop case.
[Panasonic VHS-C NV-S250 Palmcorder]
Panasonic VHS-C NV-S250 Palmcorder, (Large Image) purchased at a La Mesa, CA garage sale on 12-3-06 with case, manual, battery, charger, VHS-C tape and video cables for $5. It said it needs work, but it seems to work both playing and recording. It is in decent cosmetic condition with some dents in the speaker grill and a few scratches. It has a larger after-market battery that holds a charge. VHS-C was a consumer oriented format based on the VHS format. The compact VHS-C cassettes could be placed into an adapter which could then be played as a regular VHS tape in a VHS VCR. This Palmcorder has an 8X wide angle zoom lens 5 to 40mm, f1.4. It has a single black and white eyepiece viewer. It has amazing close up features at the wide end of the zoom range like many camcorders. It will focus on a piece of paper placed on the lens with light coming from behind the paper. I could not find the date of this camcorder. Before the serial number is the code VGN6486. The serial number is K3HF02083. The power adapter is Model No. VW-AS2E with serial no. K308507YD. I'm guessing the 86 and 85 may be date codes for 1985 and 1986.
[Panasonic Palmcorder HQ VHS-C AFx8]
Panasonic Palmcorder HQ VHS-C AFx8, (Large Image) purchased at a local garage sale for $5 in the Fall of 2006. It is in good working and cosmetic condition. It an 8X zoom lens, 6-48mm, f1.8, with a flying erase head for seamless cuts between scenes. Single black and white viewfinder. It was manufactured in May 1991 according to the date on the bottom of the camcorder. It came with two batteries, one large capacity which does not hold a charge and a smaller one that holds some charge. It also came with the power adapter/charger and a nice carrying bag. With the flying erase head and more features, this camcorder appears to be more recent than the NV-S250 to the left. While it has fewer features, the NV-S250 does sport a wider angle, and faster lens, however. The 6 volt batteries on the two camcorders are interchangeable.
[Panasonic OmniMovie HQ]


Panasonic OmniMovie HQ, purchased new in 1989 for about $800 or $850 at Fedco, this uses standard size VHS and SuperVHS tapes. It has an autofocus, 8X zoom lens, high speed shutter and flying erase head. This was a large camcorder that you sat on your shoulder which added to stability but also made it difficult to carry around. It was used to capture many now precious movies of my sons while young. I'm now burning those movies onto DVD. (Video tape apparently degrades over time.) It is still in good working order when used with AC power. It seems to have problems charging batteries now, however. (My younger son used to be fasinated with it and once knocked it off of a table.)
[Sharp Digial Camcorder]
Sharp Digial Camcorder, my present camcorder which takes mini-DV digital tapes. Purchased at Amazon.com for $350 in 2002, it has many nice features, but at times the image becomes very pixelated and the clean heads signal comes up. Looking at reviews in Amazon.com, this may be a common defect in this camera.
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